EXISTING REGULATIONS ON DIFFERENT MARKETS REGARDING THE OBTAINING AND MARKETING OF FOODS WITH BENEFITS FOR HEALTH

Micşunica RUSU

Abstract

The issue of population health is a global problem, and because of that, the calling for food with health benefits has become a concern for many consumers, but also for various institutions that legislate or with interest in managing the health of population. The first researches in this field, applied as a national policy, were carried out in Japan, starting with 1984, the Japanese introduced “Foods for Specified Health Uses” (FOSHU) products, for which there are special labeling rules. Products have diversified, appearing, over time, alongside FOSHU, other categories of food with health benefits: foods with nutrient function claims (FNFC) and foods with function claims (FFC). To encourage the choice of healthy foods, but also to prevent the use of false messages, ambiguous or misleading, many countries have adopted legislation that ensures correct information and consumer safety. So, in the European Union (UE), were adopted and applies, Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 on nutrition and health claims made on foods and Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011, on the provision of food information to consumers, also in the USA, FDA applies The Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990 (NLEA), Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 (DSHEA), Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act of 1997 (FDAMA).

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